What is leukonychia punctata? It is the correct term to describe white spots on nails. They are more common than you might think. They can develop for a number of reasons.
The first reason is trauma to the nail. You may see white spots on fingernails and/or toenails. People who bite their nails are usually the ones who show them most often. The damage to the nail doesn’t have to be extensive for a white spot to appear. As the nail grows out, the white spot usually grows out with it until it is gone.
A defect in the formation of the nail can also be a reason for nail spots. The nails grow by a process called keratinization. The nail is hard protein that is an extension from the skin. There may be air bubbles trapped in the nail plate leading to this phenomenon.
Mild infections can lead to white spots on the nails. This is often seen in toenails. Because toes are usually stuffed in shoes where it is dark and moist, fungus is more likely to grow there. As a result, evidence of it can be seen as white spots on the nails.
Think about the last time you had a manicure or pedicure. Aggressive techniques and cutting too close to the skin can also cause trauma that leads to poor nail formation. You may even discover that you are allergic to some types of nail polish. Coming in contact with your nail could lead to white spots appearing as a sign of trauma.
While we’re on the subject, there are different kinds of leukonychia. Leukonychia totalis describes a general whiteness over the entire nail. With leukonychia partialis, only a part of the nail is affected. Leukonychia striata indicates that there are white lines that run across the nail.
If you are concerned about white spots on your nails, talk to your dermatologist. They will more than likely go away with time but for young people, they can be irritating to look at during the summer. Your doctor may recommend using Vitamin E oil to moisturize the nail back to health. This will also help to nourish the skin around your nails and help to prevent splitting.
Healthy nails are also a factor of what you eat. A diet rich in vitamins, minerals and other nutrients keeps hair and nails strong. White spots could also be a factor of zinc deficiency. Adding that to your diet could clear up your problem in no time.