What Are Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones are actual crystalline deposits found in the kidneys. They don’t usually cause permanent damage but men and women with these stones report excruciating pain. Find out about the composition of kidney stones and why they form by reading this article.

As you may know, the kidneys are the body’s filtration system. Any substances that aren’t needed by the body are excreted through the kidneys. This waste includes salt acids and mineral deposits. The substances are dissolved and passed in urine as long as there is sufficient water in the body to do so.

When these substances become concentrated in the kidneys they can solidify and turn into small stones. Calcium is the main component in most kidney stones. Kidneys stones can move out of the kidneys and into the ureters. The problem here is that they are jagged and are not made to pass through such a soft structure.

A kidney stone that is lodged in the ureter can cause pain throughout the body. Most people with kidney stones complain of pain in the lower back, side, groin and below their ribs. Pain associated with kidneys stones is alleviated with medication or surgical intervention to remove a stubborn stone.

What causes kidney stones? Substances in the body that are used to create urine can solidify and become stones when fluid is in short supply. The problem could also be due to an imbalance in the amount of minerals and salts that comprise urine. Urine that is overly alkaline or acidic can lead to the formation of kidney stones.

Some metabolic problems that occur in the body can cause kidney stones to form. Kidney disease, some prescribed medications and other conditions can lead to formation of kidney stones. But, unfortunately, sometimes kidney stones are created when there are no definite causes.

After stones are passed, examining the stone’s composition can give clues to why it began. Most stones are composed of calcium. Calcium is found in the bones. Calcium is also in the foods we eat. Too much calcium can be a culprit.

Other stones can be caused by hereditary disorders or diet deficiencies. Urinary tract infections and high protein diets can create certain urine components in excess and lead to kidney stones.

To prevent the reoccurrence of kidney stones, doctors may recommend lifestyle changes. For one, drinking more water is a big plus. The kidneys and all the cells of the body for that matter need the refreshing fluid to do their jobs.

Kidney stones are formed in the kidneys when certain urine components solidify together. Lack of fluid, overconcentration of minerals and hereditary factors play a part in the formation of stones.