Infertility Testing for Men
If you need to have infertility testing, the first thing your doctor will want to do is perform a physical examination. This is just to determine if there are any obvious physical factors that may be contributing to your infertility.
Your doctor should also perform a medical history to determine if you have, or have had any diseases that would cause infertility, such as mumps. The doctor may also question you about habits that may contribute to your infertility, such as: drinking, smoking, or working in a high stress environment.
The majority of fertility testing involves semen analysis. This is where a lab technician takes a sample of your ejaculate and tests it for various problems that may occur.
This testing is usually recommended first because it can detect most fertility problems in men and is less expensive and invasive than procedures performed on women.
A semen sample is generally provided in a medical facility to help ensure that the sample is clean and can be analyzed properly. You will be taken into a small private room and given a cup to provide a sample in. It is important not to dirty or contaminate the cup provided. You should also only use lube provided by the facility because other products can taint results.
Once a sample is given, it is sent to a lab technician and analyzed for a variety of common problems. The technician will look at:
*Total volume. Some men produce less semen which may inhibit fertilization.
*Ph factor. Semen should be slightly acidic. If it is not acidic enough, the sperm may be destroyed in the vagina before they are ever allowed to reach the egg.
*Presence of sperm. A very small percentage of men don’t produce any sperm, or they are blocked from reaching the penis.
*Sperm count. This is how many sperm are present in the sample. If it is too low, you may have trouble conceiving.
*Viability of sperm. If sperm or slow or oddly shaped, they may have trouble fertilizing or even reaching the egg.
After the semen analysis, your doctor may want to order more tests. This may include a blood test to check hormone levels, and an ultrasound or even a biopsy to determine if the reproductive organs are working as they should be.
While, some men simply can’t have kids, many men who thought they never could are having healthy, beautiful children everyday. This is because they took the time to have infertility testing to find out what the problem was and how it could be resolved.